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php:buildphpapachenginxfromsource

Build and config php,apache,nginx

Install compiler

yum install gcc
yum install gcc-c++
yum install automake
yum install make

Build and config PHP and Nginx

Build Nginx

  • step1: Install missing library for building source
    yum install -y pcre-devel.x86_64
    yum install gd-devel -y
    yum install libxslt-devel
    yum install openssl-devel
  • step2: Build nginx
    tar zxvf nginx-1.8.0.tar.gz
    cd nginx-1.8.0
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx  --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_stub_status_module
    make && make install
  • step3: Check module which built with nginx
    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -V

    output:

    nginx version: nginx/1.8.0
    built by gcc 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-4) (GCC)
    built with OpenSSL 1.0.1e-fips 11 Feb 2013
    TLS SNI support enabled
    configure arguments: --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_stub_status_module

Script start nginx

#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig:   - 85 15
# description:  Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
#               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config:      /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config:      /etc/sysconfig/nginx
# pidfile:     /var/run/nginx.pid
 
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
 
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
 
# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
 
prefix="/usr/local/nginx"
nginx="$prefix/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)
 
NGINX_CONF_FILE="$prefix/conf/nginx.conf"
 
#[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
 
lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
 
start() {
    [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
    [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
    return $retval
}
 
stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc $prog -QUIT
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
    return $retval
}
 
restart() {
    configtest || return $?
    stop
    sleep 1
    start
}
 
reload() {
    configtest || return $?
    echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
    killproc $nginx -HUP
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
}
 
force_reload() {
    restart
}
 
configtest() {
  $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}
 
rh_status() {
    status $prog
}
 
rh_status_q() {
    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
 
case "$1" in
    start)
        rh_status_q && exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    stop)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    restart|configtest)
        $1
        ;;
    reload)
        rh_status_q || exit 7
        $1
        ;;
    force-reload)
        force_reload
        ;;
    status)
        rh_status
        ;;
    condrestart|try-restart)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
            ;;
    *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
        exit 2
esac
 
exit $RETVAL

Build PHP with php-cgi and start

Build PHP with php-cgi

  • step1: Install missing library for building source php
    yum install -y freetype-devel freetype
    yum install -y mysql-devel
    yum install mysql-devel
    yum install pcre-devel
    yum install gd-devel
    yum install libcurl-devel
    yum install openssl-devel
    yum install libxml2-devel
    yum install libxslt-devel
  • step2: Build libmcrypt: libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
  • step3: add below line into Config file [/etc/ld.so.conf]
      /usr/local/lib

    and active ld changes

    ldconfig
  • step4: Build PHP with –enable-fastcgi
    tar zxvf php-5.2.14.tar.gz
    cd php-5.2.14
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-libdir=lib64 --enable-fastcgi --disable-rpath --disable-ipv6 --disable-safe-mode --enable-opcache --enable-calendar --enable-bcmath --enable-ftp --enable-soap --enable-shared --enable-mbstring --enable-magic-quotes --enable-sockets --with-openssl --with-zlib --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir=/usr --with-png-dir=/usr --with-freetype-dir=/usr --with-zlib-dir=/usr --with-mysql --with-mysqli --with-pdo-mysql --with-pear --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --with-mcrypt=/usr/local
    ldd php-5.2.14/sapi/cli/php | grep mcrypt
    make && make install

Build spawn-fcgi

tar zxvf spawn-fcgi-1.6.3.tar.gz
cd spawn-fcgi-1.6.3
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php
make && make install

Script start php-cgi

#!/bin/sh
#
# php-cgi - php-fastcgi swaping via  spawn-fcgi
#
# chkconfig:   - 85 15
# description:  Run php-cgi as app server
# processname: php-cgi
# config:      /etc/sysconfig/phpfastcgi (defaults RH style)
# pidfile:     /var/run/php_cgi.pid
# Note: See how to use this script :
# http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/rhel-fedora-install-configure-nginx-php5/
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
 
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
 
# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
 
spawnfcgi="/usr/local/php/bin/spawn-fcgi"
php_cgi="/usr/local/php/bin/php-cgi"
prog=$(basename $php_cgi)
server_ip=0.0.0.0
server_port=9000
server_user=nobody
server_group=nobody
server_childs=1
pidfile="/var/run/php_cgi.pid"
PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN=15
PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS=30
 
# do not edit, put changes in /etc/sysconfig/phpfastcgi
[ -f /etc/sysconfig/phpfastcgi ] && . /etc/sysconfig/phpfastcgi
 
start() {
    [ -x $php_cgi ] || exit 1
    [ -x $spawnfcgi ] || exit 2
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    export PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
    daemon $spawnfcgi -F 1 -a ${server_ip} -p ${server_port} -u ${server_user} -g ${server_group} -P ${pidfile} -f ${php_cgi}
    retval=$?
    echo
    return $retval
}
 
stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc -p ${pidfile} $prog -QUIT
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ -f ${pidfile} ] && /bin/rm -f ${pidfile}
    return $retval
}
 
restart(){
    stop
    sleep 2
    start
}
 
rh_status(){
    status -p ${pidfile} $prog
}
 
case "$1" in
    start)
        start;;
    stop)
        stop;;
    restart)
        restart;;
    status)
        rh_status;;
    *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|status}"
        exit 3
esac

Build PHP with php-fpm and start

Build PHP with php-fpm

  • step1: Install missing library for building source php
    yum install -y freetype-devel freetype
    yum install -y mysql-devel
    yum install mysql-devel
    yum install pcre-devel
    yum install gd-devel
    yum install libcurl-devel
    yum install openssl-devel
    yum install libxml2-devel
    yum install libxslt-devel
    yum install bison bison-devel
  • step2: Build libmcrypt: libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
  • step3: add below line into Config file [/etc/ld.so.conf]
    /usr/local/lib

    and active ld changes

    ldconfig
  • Step4:If you don't find file configure, run script below
    ./buildconf --force
  • step5: Build php-fpm (add option –enable-fpm)
    tar zxvf php-5.3.28.tar.gz
    cd php-5.3.28
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-libdir=lib64 --enable-fpm --disable-rpath --disable-ipv6 --disable-safe-mode --enable-opcache --enable-calendar --enable-bcmath --enable-ftp --enable-soap --enable-shared --enable-mbstring --enable-magic-quotes --enable-sockets --with-openssl --with-zlib --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir=/usr --with-png-dir=/usr --with-freetype-dir=/usr --with-zlib-dir=/usr --with-mysql --with-mysqli --with-pdo-mysql --with-pear --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --with-mcrypt=/usr/local
    make & make install
    cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

Build PHP7.4 with php-fpm

./configure --prefix=/onec/php7 --with-config-file-path=/onec/php7/etc --with-libdir=lib64 --enable-fpm --disable-rpath --disable-ipv6 --disable-safe-mode --enable-opcache --enable-calendar --enable-bcmath --enable-ftp --enable-soap --enable-shared --enable-mbstring --disable-mbregex --enable-magic-quotes --enable-sockets --with-openssl --with-zlib --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir=/usr --with-png-dir=/usr --with-freetype-dir=/usr --with-zlib-dir=/usr --with-mysql --with-mysqli --without-sqlite3 --without-pdo-sqlite --with-pdo-mysql --with-pear --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --with-mcrypt=/usr/local

option –disable-mbregex fix error:

configure: error: Package requirements (oniguruma) were not met

Script start php-fpm

php-fpm will be installed on /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm

  1. Step1: Edit php-fpm.conf:
    pid = /var/run/php-fpm.pid

    ⇒ script will base on this pid to stop,start the process

  2. Step2: create script /etc/init.d/php-fpm:
    #! /bin/sh
    #
    # chkconfig: - 84 16
    # description:  PHP FastCGI Process Manager
    # processname: php-fpm
    # config: /etc/php-fpm.conf
    # config: /etc/sysconfig/php-fpm
    # pidfile: /var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.pid
    #
    ### BEGIN INIT INFO
    # Provides: php-fpm
    # Required-Start: $local_fs $remote_fs $network $named
    # Required-Stop: $local_fs $remote_fs $network
    # Short-Description: start and stop PHP FPM
    # Description: PHP FastCGI Process Manager
    ### END INIT INFO
     
    # Standard LSB functions
    #. /lib/lsb/init-functions
     
    # Source function library.
    . /etc/init.d/functions
     
    # Check that networking is up.
    . /etc/sysconfig/network
     
    # Additional environment file
    if [ -f /etc/sysconfig/php-fpm ]; then
          . /etc/sysconfig/php-fpm
    fi
     
    if [ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ]
    then
            exit 0
    fi
     
    RETVAL=0
    prog="php-fpm"
    pidfile="/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.pid"
    lockfile="/var/lock/subsys/php-fpm"
     
    start () {
            echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
            dir=$(dirname ${pidfile})
            [ -d $dir ] || mkdir $dir
            daemon --pidfile ${pidfile} /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm --daemonize
            RETVAL=$?
            echo
            [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch ${lockfile}
    }
    stop () {
            echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
            killproc php-fpm
            RETVAL=$?
            echo
            if [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] ; then
                    rm -f ${lockfile} ${pidfile}
            fi
    }
     
    restart () {
            stop
            sleep 2
            start
    }
     
    reload () {
            echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
            if ! /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm --test ; then
                    RETVAL=6
                    echo $"not reloading due to configuration syntax error"
                    failure $"not reloading $prog due to configuration syntax error"
            else
                    killproc -p ${pidfile} php-fpm -USR2
                    RETVAL=$?
            fi
            echo
    }
     
     
    # See how we were called.
    case "$1" in
      start)
            start
            ;;
      stop)
            stop
            ;;
      status)
            status php-fpm
            RETVAL=$?
            ;;
      restart)
            restart
            ;;
      reload|force-reload)
            reload
            ;;
      configtest)
            /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm --test
            RETVAL=$?
            ;;
      condrestart|try-restart)
            [ -f ${lockfile} ] && restart || :
            ;;
      *)
            echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|reload|force-reload|condrestart|try-restart|configtest}"
            RETVAL=2
            ;;
    esac
     
    exit $RETVAL

Config nginx with php-cgi or php-fpm(fastcgi)

update conf/nginx.conf

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;
 
#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;
 
#pid        logs/nginx.pid;
 
 
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
 
 
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
 
    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
 
    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;
 
    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;
 
    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  20;
 
    #gzip  on;
    server {
        listen 128.199.236.122:80;
        server_name  localhost 123.30.173.67;
        root /data/www/default;
        index index.html index.htm index.php
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }
 
        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$ {
            include        fastcgi_params;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /data/www/default$fastcgi_script_name;
        }
    }
    include /usr/local/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}

⇒ default user which run nginx is nobody

add config redirect

config redirect babies.vn, www.babies.vn to shop.babies.vn

server {    
    server_name babies.vn www.babies.vn;
    return 301 $scheme://shop.babies.vn$request_uri;
}

add config nginx for dokuwiki

chown for web:

chown -R nobody.nobody /data/www

add config for mynotes.babies.vn

###mynotes.babies.vn
server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  mynotes.babies.vn;
    root   /data/www/mynotes;
 
    index index.html index.htm index.php;
    fastcgi_index  index.php;
 
    access_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/mynotes.babies.vn.access_log;
    error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/mynotes.babies.vn.error_log;
 
    error_page  404              /404.html;
    error_page 500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
 
    location ~* "^.+\.(js|ico|gif|jpg|png|css|swf|htc|xml|bmp)$" {
        access_log  off;
        expires     7d;
    }
 
    location ~ \.php$ {
      fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
      include        fastcgi_params;
    }
}

add config nginx for magento

config magento for shop.babies.vn

###shop.babies.vn
###shop.babies.vn
server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  shop.babies.vn;
    root   /data/www/babyshopvn;
 
    index index.html index.htm index.php;
    fastcgi_index  index.php;
 
    access_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/shop.babies.vn.access_log;
    error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/shop.babies.vn.error_log;
 
    error_page  404              /404.html;
    error_page 500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
 
    location ~* "^.+\.(js|ico|gif|jpg|png|css|swf|htc|xml|bmp)$" {
        access_log  off;
        expires     7d;
    }
    location / {
        index index.html index.php; ## Allow a static html file to be shown first
        try_files $uri $uri/ @handler; ## If missing pass the URI to Magento's front handler
        expires 30d; ## Assume all files are cachable
    }
    location @handler { ## Magento uses a common front handler
        rewrite / /index.php;
    }
 
    location ~ \.php$ {
      if (!-e $request_filename) { rewrite / /index.php last; }
      fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
      include        fastcgi_params;
    }
}

Opcache

Enable PHP's opcache(Only support for PHP version 5.6 above): The entire purpose of the opcache is to use memory to save CPU and speed up your apps:OPcache improves PHP performance by storing precompiled script bytecode in shared memory, thereby removing the need for PHP to load and parse scripts on each request.

  1. Step1: Build PHP with option –enable-opcache
  2. Step2: Config load module opcache in php.ini:
    zend_extension=opcache.so

updates in PHP 5.6:

  • will remove MySQL → So you must convert from MySQL to MySQLi functions for using it
  • Update php.ini
    always_populate_raw_post_data = -1

Memcache

Build and Install Memcache server

  1. step1: Install missing package
    yum install libevent-devel
  2. step2: Download memcache
    wget http://memcached.org/files/memcached-1.4.22.tar.gz
  3. step3: Build and install
    tar xvf memcached-1.4.22.tar.gz
    cd memcached-1.4.22
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/memcache
    make && make install

Build and Install PHP Memcache

  1. step1: Build and Install PHP Memcache
    wget http://pecl.php.net/get/memcache-2.2.7.tgz
    tar xf memcache-2.2.7.tgz
    cd memcache-2.2.7
    /usr/local/php/bin/phpize
    ./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
    make & make install
  2. step2: Check where the extension memcache was installed
    /usr/local/php/bin/php-config | grep extension

    output:

      --extension-dir     [/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20100525]
  3. step3: Check the configuration file php.ini which php auto load:
    /usr/local/php/bin/php -i | grep php.ini

    output:

    Configuration File (php.ini) Path => /usr/local/php/etc
    Loaded Configuration File => /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
  4. step4: Edit configuration file php.ini to load memcache.so(search extension=)
    extension=memcache.so

script stop, start memcache

  1. step1: create some directory for running memcache
    mkdir -p /var/run/memcached/
    mkdir -p /var/lock/subsys/
    chown -R nobody.root /var/run/memcached/
    chown -R nobody.root /var/lock/subsys/
  2. step2: create script stop, start memcache
    #! /bin/sh
    #
    # chkconfig: - 55 45
    # description:  The memcached daemon is a network memory cache service.
    # processname: memcached
    # config: /etc/sysconfig/memcached
    # pidfile: /var/run/memcached/memcached.pid
     
    # Standard LSB functions
    #. /lib/lsb/init-functions
     
    # Source function library.
    . /etc/init.d/functions
     
    PORT=11211
    USER=nobody
    MAXCONN=1024
    CACHESIZE=64
    OPTIONS=""
     
    if [ -f /etc/sysconfig/memcached ];then
            . /etc/sysconfig/memcached
    fi
     
    # Check that networking is up.
    . /etc/sysconfig/network
     
    if [ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ]
    then
            exit 0
    fi
     
    RETVAL=0
    prog="memcached"
    pidfile=${PIDFILE-/var/run/memcached/memcached.pid}
    lockfile=${LOCKFILE-/var/lock/subsys/memcached}
     
    start () {
            echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
            # Ensure that /var/run/memcached has proper permissions
            if [ "`stat -c %U /var/run/memcached`" != "$USER" ]; then
                    chown $USER /var/run/memcached
            fi
     
            daemon --pidfile ${pidfile} /usr/local/memcache/bin/memcached -d -p $PORT -u $USER  -m $CACHESIZE -c $MAXCONN -P ${pidfile} $OPTIONS
            RETVAL=$?
            echo
            [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch ${lockfile}
    }
    stop () {
            echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
            killproc -p ${pidfile} /usr/local/memcache/bin/memcached
            RETVAL=$?
            echo
            if [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] ; then
                    rm -f ${lockfile} ${pidfile}
            fi
    }
     
    restart () {
            stop
            start
    }
     
     
    # See how we were called.
    case "$1" in
      start)
            start
            ;;
      stop)
            stop
            ;;
      status)
            status -p ${pidfile} memcached
            RETVAL=$?
            ;;
      restart|reload|force-reload)
            restart
            ;;
      condrestart|try-restart)
            [ -f ${lockfile} ] && restart || :
            ;;
      *)
            echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|reload|force-reload|condrestart|try-restart}"
            RETVAL=2
            ;;
    esac
     
    exit $RETVAL

Memcache Admin

PHP memcache admin: https://github.com/clickalicious/phpmemadmin

Below are steps to install and configure Memcache Admin:

  1. Step1: download Memcache Admin source to /onec/www/monitor/:
    git clone https://github.com/clickalicious/phpmemadmin.git

    ⇒ source will be downloaded to /onec/www/monitor/phpmemadmin

  2. Step2: Install composer in source directory:
    cd /onec/www/monitor/phpmemadmin
    curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | /onec/php/bin/php
  3. Step3: download and install depedency packages
    /onec/php/bin/php composer.phar install
  4. Step4: Go to directory app and copy .config.dist to .config:
    cd app
    cp .config.dist .config
  5. Step5: Change admin password in .config
    {
      "username": "admin",
      "password": "pass",
      "timeout": -1,
      "cluster": {
        "name": "Cluster",
        "thresholds": {
            "notice": 50,
            "warning": 75,
            "error": 95
        },
        "hosts": [
          {
            "host": "127.0.0.1",
            "port": 11211
          }
        ]
      },
      "render": {
        "auto": true
      },
      "format": {
        "date": "Y-m-dTH:i:s"
      },
      "updatecheck": false
    }
  6. Step6: config nginx with php-fpm for run this website:
    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  memcache.zplay.com;
        root   /onec/www/monitor/phpmemadmin/web;
    
        index index.html index.htm index.php;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
    
        access_log /onec/nginx/logs/memcache.access_log;
        error_log /onec/nginx/logs/memcache.error_log;
    
        error_page  404              /404.html;
        error_page 500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    
        location ~* "^.+\.(js|ico|gif|jpg|png|css|swf|htc|xml|bmp)$" {
            access_log  off;
            expires     7d;
        }
    
        location / {
            index index.html index.php; ## Allow a static html file to be shown first
            try_files $uri $uri/ @handler; ## If missing pass the URI to zend framework's front handler
            expires 30d; ## Assume all files are cachable
        }
        location @handler { ## zend framework uses a common front handler
            rewrite / /index.php;
        }
        location ~ .php/ { ## Forward paths like /js/index.php/x.js to relevant handler
            rewrite ^(.*.php)/ $1 last;
        }
        location ~ \.php$ {
          if (!-e $request_filename) { rewrite / /index.php last; }
          fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
          fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
          include        fastcgi_params;
        }
    }

Varnish Cache

Build and Install varnish cache server

Build and Install varnish cache 3.0.7

yum install python-docutils
yum install libedit-devel
wget https://repo.varnish-cache.org/source/varnish-3.0.7.tar.gz
tar xf varnish-3.0.7.tar.gz
cd varnish-3.0.7
./configure
make
make install

PHP and apache

Build PHP and Apache

Step1: Apache build from source(--enable-so for load php as module)

Build missing devel:

yum install apr-devel
yum install apr-util-devel
yum install zlib-devel
yum install openssl-devel

refer: http://tldp.org/HOWTO/Apache-Compile-HOWTO/apache.html

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/http/ --enable-so --enable-cgi --enable-info --enable-rewrite --enable-speling --enable-usertrack --enable-deflate --enable-ssl --enable-mime-magic --enable-expires --enable-headers

Step2: Build PHP as PHP modules of apache(add option --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs)

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-apxs2=/usr/local/http/bin/apxs --with-libdir=lib64  --disable-rpath --disable-ipv6 --enable-opcache --enable-calendar --enable-bcmath --enable-ftp --enable-soap --enable-shared --enable-mbstring  --enable-sockets --with-openssl --with-zlib --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir=/usr --with-png-dir=/usr --with-freetype-dir=/usr --with-zlib-dir=/usr --with-mysql --with-mysqli --with-pdo-mysql --with-pear --with-curl  --with-mcrypt=/usr/local

Or optimize build(remove –with-mysql –with-mysqli –with-pear)

 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-apxs2=/usr/local/http/bin/apxs --with-libdir=lib64  --disable-rpath --disable-ipv6 --enable-calendar --enable-bcmath  --enable-soap --enable-shared --enable-mbstring  --enable-sockets --with-zlib --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir=/usr --with-png-dir=/usr --with-freetype-dir=/usr --with-zlib-dir=/usr --with-pdo-mysql  --with-curl

Step3: Check modules compiled witch apache

/usr/local/apache/bin/httpd -V
/usr/local/apache/bin/httpd -l
/usr/local/apache/bin/httpd -M

Fix error build httpd: APR version 1.4.0 or later is required, found 1.3.9

Below are error detail

checking for APR... configure: WARNING: APR version 1.4.0 or later is required, found 1.3.9

And steps below help you fix it:

  1. Step1: download apr-1.4.8.tar.gz and apr-util-1.5.2.tar.gz from https://archive.apache.org/dist/apr/
  2. Step2: Extract source ap-1.4.8.tar.gz and apr-util-1.5.2.tar.gz to httpd-2.4.18/srclib
    httpd-2.4.18/srclib/apr
    httpd-2.4.18/srclib/apr-util
  3. Step3: Rebuild the http:
    ./configure --prefix=/onec/http/ --enable-so --enable-cgi --enable-info --enable-rewrite --enable-speling --enable-usertrack --enable-deflate --enable-ssl --enable-mime-magic --enable-expires --enable-headers
    make
    make install

script stop,start apache(/etc/init.d/httpd

Edit the script stop, start apache

#!/bin/bash
#
#Startup script for the Apache Web Server
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Apache is a World Wide Web server.  It is used to serve \
#              HTML files and CGI.
# processname: httpd
# pidfile: /usr/local/http/logs/httpd.pid
# config: /usr/local/http/conf/httpd.conf
 
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
 
if [ -f /etc/sysconfig/httpd ]; then
        . /etc/sysconfig/httpd
fi
 
# This will prevent initlog from swallowing up a pass-phrase prompt if
# mod_ssl needs a pass-phrase from the user.
INITLOG_ARGS=""
 
# Path to the apachectl script, server binary, and short-form for messages.
apachectl=/usr/local/http/bin/apachectl
httpd=/usr/local/http/bin/httpd
pid=/usr/local/http/logs/httpd.pid
prog=httpd
RETVAL=0
 
 
# The semantics of these two functions differ from the way apachectl does
# things -- attempting to start while running is a failure, and shutdown
# when not running is also a failure.  So we just do it the way init scripts
# are expected to behave here.
start() {
        echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
        daemon $httpd $OPTIONS
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/httpd
        return $RETVAL
}
stop() {
        echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
        killproc $httpd
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
        [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/httpd $pid
}
reload() {
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
        killproc $httpd -HUP
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
}
# See how we were called.
case "$1" in
  start)
        start
        ;;
  stop)
        stop
        ;;
  status)
        status $httpd
        RETVAL=$?
        ;;
  restart)
        stop
        start
        ;;
  condrestart)
        if [ -f $pid ] ; then
                stop
                start
        fi
        ;;
  reload)
        reload
        ;;
  graceful|help|configtest|fullstatus)
        $apachectl $@
        RETVAL=$?
        ;;
  *)
        echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|condrestart|reload|status"
                echo $"|fullstatus|graceful|help|configtest}"
        exit 1
esac
 
exit $RETVAL

Config apache

default config

ServerRoot "/usr/local/apache/"
Listen 80
LoadModule php5_module        modules/libphp5.so
<IfModule !mpm_netware_module>
<IfModule !mpm_winnt_module>
User apache
Group apache
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
ServerAdmin you@example.com
DocumentRoot "/usr/local/apache//htdocs"
<Directory />
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
</Directory>
<Directory "/usr/local/apache//htdocs">
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html
</IfModule>
<FilesMatch "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
    Satisfy All
</FilesMatch>
ErrorLog "logs/error_log"
LogLevel warn
<IfModule log_config_module>
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
    <IfModule logio_module>
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>
    CustomLog "logs/access_log" common
</IfModule>
<IfModule alias_module>
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/usr/local/apache//cgi-bin/"
</IfModule>
<IfModule cgid_module>
</IfModule>
<Directory "/usr/local/apache//cgi-bin">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>
DefaultType text/plain
<IfModule mime_module>
    TypesConfig conf/mime.types
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
</IfModule>
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
DirectoryIndex index.php index.htm index.html

change config httpd.conf

  • add config
    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
    DirectoryIndex index.php index.htm index.html
    Include conf.d/*.conf
  • change user and group
    User nobody
    Group nobody
  • add config for shop.babies.vn and mynotes.babies.vn: add conf.d/babies.vn.conf
    NameVirtualHost *:80
    <VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerName shop.babies.vn
        DocumentRoot "/data/www/babyshopvn"
        SetEnv MAGE_IS_DEVELOPER_MODE "false"
        <Directory /data/www/babyshopvn>
            Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
            AllowOverride all
            Order Deny,Allow
            Allow from all
        </Directory>
        ErrorLog logs/shop.babies.vn-error_log
        CustomLog logs/shop.babies.vn-access_log common
    </VirtualHost>
    <VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerName mynotes.babies.vn
        DocumentRoot "/data/www/mynotes"
        <Directory /data/www/mynotes>
            Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
            AllowOverride all
            Order Deny,Allow
            Allow from all
        </Directory>
        ErrorLog logs/mynotes.babies.vn-error_log
        CustomLog logs/mynotes.babies.vn-access_log common
    </VirtualHost>

    Notice:

  • If you use VirtualHost *:80 ⇒ all virtuals host must be VirtualHost *:80, not IP:80
  • If you use Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews, all other vitual hosts must be this option

change config mpm

Edit httpd.conf:

Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf
default config
<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
    StartServers          5
    MinSpareServers       5
    MaxSpareServers      10
    MaxClients          150
    MaxRequestsPerChild   0
</IfModule>
change config for digitalocean
<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
    StartServers          2
    MinSpareServers       5
    MaxSpareServers      10
    MaxClients          150
    MaxRequestsPerChild   0
</IfModule>

check php information which was built in apache

First we create the phpinfo.php with content below:

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

Second we run the the phpinfo.php from browser to check PHP information

Configure Command	'./configure' '--prefix=/usr/local/php' '--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc' '--with-apxs2=/usr/local/http/bin/apxs' '--with-libdir=lib64' '--disable-rpath' '--disable-ipv6' '--enable-calendar' '--enable-bcmath' '--enable-ftp' '--enable-soap' '--enable-fpm' '--enable-shared' '--enable-mbstring' '--enable-sockets' '--with-openssl' '--with-zlib' '--with-gd' '--with-jpeg-dir=/usr' '--with-png-dir=/usr' '--with-freetype-dir=/usr' '--with-zlib-dir=/usr' '--with-mysql' '--with-mysqli' '--with-pdo-mysql' '--with-pear' '--with-curl' '--with-mcrypt=/usr/local'
Configuration File (php.ini) Path	/usr/local/php/etc
Loaded Configuration File	/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

PHP config and modules check

Basic config

  1. Step1: Create first php.ini:
    cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
  2. Step2: Change some basic parameters:
    date.timezone = Asia/Saigon
    session.name = PHPSESSID
    session.save_path = "/tmp"
    upload_max_filesize = 20M
    post_max_size = 8M

PHP check

  1. Module check:
    php -m
  2. Check configuration load:
    /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -i | grep php.ini

    output:

    Configuration File (php.ini) Path => /usr/local/php/etc
    Loaded Configuration File => /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
  3. Check option which is used to build the php
    /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -i | grep configure

    output:

    Configure Command =>  './configure'  '--prefix=/usr/local/php' '--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc' '--with-libdir=lib64' '--enable-fpm' '--disable-debug' '--disable-rpath' '--disable-ipv6' '--disable-safe-mode' '--enable-calendar' '--enable-bcmath' '--enable-ftp' '--enable-soap' '--enable-shared' '--enable-mbstring' '--enable-magic-quotes' '--enable-sockets' '--with-openssl' '--with-zlib' '--with-gd' '--with-jpeg-dir=/usr' '--with-png-dir=/usr' '--with-freetype-dir=/usr' '--with-zlib-dir=/usr' '--with-mysql' '--with-mysqli' '--with-pdo-mysql' '--with-pear' '--with-curl' '--with-curlwrappers' '--with-mcrypt=/usr/local'

check PHP config which web server using

  1. Step1: Create the phpinfo.php
    <?php phpinfo(); ?>
  2. Step2: Run the phpinfo.php from web server to see the path of php.ini which web server was using, for example:
    Configuration File (php.ini) Path	/usr/local/php/etc
    Loaded Configuration File	/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

Check image, font support

/gb/php/bin/php -r 'print_r(gd_info());'

⇒ output

Array
(
    [GD Version] => bundled (2.1.0 compatible)
    [FreeType Support] =>
    [T1Lib Support] =>
    [GIF Read Support] => 1
    [GIF Create Support] => 1
    [JPEG Support] => 1
    [PNG Support] => 1
    [WBMP Support] => 1
    [XPM Support] =>
    [XBM Support] => 1
    [JIS-mapped Japanese Font Support] =>
)

check config to display error log

  1. Step1: Create the test.php file which wrong syntax
    <?php hello(); ?>
  2. Step2: Run the test.php from command line to see the error log
    /usr/local/php/bin/php test.php

    ⇒ If we see the error log in error_log file(path of error_log file in configuration file /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini)

    [31-Mar-2015 06:43:53 UTC] PHP Fatal error:  Call to undefined function hello() in ......./test.php on line 1
  3. Step3: Run the test.php from the browser to see error log the same the error log above. If we don't see the error log, we need to review the php config in phpinfo.php and chown for the webserver can update the error_log file

Config connet PHP to MySQL

  1. Method1 Change /etc/my.cnf: default PHP will use /tmp/mysql.sock for connecting to MySQL, So we will configure the sock in /etc/my.cnf follow below config:
    socket          = /tmp/mysql.sock
  2. Method2 Change php.ini: change base on config socket path in /etc/my.cnf
    [Pdo_mysql]
    ..........
    pdo_mysql.default_socket= /gb/mysql/tmp/mysql.sock

Config to run the web from home directory

Default the web server will be run with user nobody or www. To run the web from home which owned by another user, for example:

drwx------.  4 quangftp quangftp 4096 Jun 26 14:02 quangftp

we need to run the chmod command to allow user www(other user) to allow read and excute the file and directory of quangftp:

chmod -R 755 /home/quangftp

Config to run PHP code with tag <? ?>

Edit php.ini:

short_open_tag = On

PHP Security

Security Hardening Config

Security Scripts Check php.ini

Security Scripts Check PHP Project

php/buildphpapachenginxfromsource.txt · Last modified: 2021/04/23 13:50 by admin